The pulmonary embolism is a dangerous condition that affects the lung by causing a blood clot. An embolism is viewed as an obstruction that is caused by a blood clot in a blood vessel. The embolism blocks blood from flowing, which is quite dangerous. The disease can be contained if it is discovered early. The blood clot has the potential of causing several harmful effects in your body. These include chest pains, fainting, and difficulty in breathing among others.
The Pathophysiology of Pulmonary Embolism.
As much as the pulmonary embolism emanates from any location in one’s body, it is commonly known to come from the calf veins. However, the venous thrombi predominately come from the venous valve pockets and at some other venous stasis. Over the years, various experts have been trying to decipher the best PE treatment to select. In this article, we will attempt to provide you with some of the various treatment options that you can comfortably choose.
The Treatments for Pulmonary Embolism:
This is a common treatment that seeks to prevent the clot from enlarging and new clots from forming. These blood thinners include heparin and warfarin among others. More often than not, you can safely begin the treatment when in a hospital and depending on how severe the particular case is, the person can be discharged on the same day.
However, the side effect of blood thinners is that they can thin the blood too much. Consequently, doctors often prescribe blood tests to assist in controlling this. Furthermore, there is also a growing concern that blood thinners can contribute to internal bleeding.
Therefore, in some instances, doctors use thrombolytic drugs that have the ability to break up clots. Nevertheless, they can lead to sudden bleeding and have to be used with utmost caution. Notwithstanding all the cons that are involved with this mode of treatment, blood thinners are a great PE treatment as patients are able to fully recover and continue to lead their normal lives.
Doctors often utilize catheters as an emergency treatment. Moreover, they can insert a flexible thin tube into your arm’s veins, and lead it to the lung to remove the clot or apply medicine to clear the clot.
3.Inferior vena cava filter:
A filter may be placed by a medic in an inferior vena cava this also a great PE treatment. This vessel carries blood to the heart from the lower part of the body. Furthermore, the filter can assist in halting blood clots from accessing the lungs.
How to prevent a pulmonary embolism:
If you want to lower the chances of getting an embolism, consider changing your lifestyle, stop smoking, maintain a good weight, and exercise regularly. Moreover, people should avoid sitting for long hours without being active. This will prevent leg cramps from developing in your body, as it is among the symptoms of pulmonary embolism.
Additionally, you can also watch your diet if you hope to lower the risk of attaining PE. Therefore, consider using garlic and olive oil to reduce the chances of getting a blood clot. Sip a little wine or grape juice as they tend to have a substance referred to as flavonoids that produce platelets and prevents blood from clotting. Ensure that you drink plenty of water to stay dehydrated as dehydration has the ability to thicken your blood leading to a blood clot.